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Suriname

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Suriname

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Population: 560,157 (est.)

Language(s): Dutch

Capital: Paramaribo

Interesting Facts:

  • The Suriname dollar is the official currency of Suriname.
  • Suriname’s religious make-up is as follows: Hindu 27.4%, Protestant 25.2% (predominantly Moravian), Roman Catholic 22.8%, Muslim 19.6%, indigenous beliefs 5%.
  • Suriname has a tropical climate.
  • Suriname’s economy is dominated by the mining industry, with exports of alumina, gold, and oil accounting for about 85% of exports and 25% of government revenues, making the economy highly vulnerable to mineral price volatility.
  • Suriname is a ‘Constitutional Democracy’.
  • Suriname achieved independence from the Kingdom of the Netherlands on 25th November 1975.
  • Tropical rainforest make up around 80 percent of the landscape of Suriname.
  • Suriname has two World Heritage Sites: the Central Suriname Nature Reserve and Historic Inner City of Paramaribo.
  • Suriname is the smallest sovereign state in South America, in terms of area and population.
  • Suriname is one of the few countries in the world, where you will find a mosque situated next to a synagogue in the center of the country’s capital.

Suriname (or Surinam), officially known as the Republic of Suriname, is a country in northern South America. It is bordered by French Guiana to the east, Guyana to the west, Brazil to the south and the Atlantic Ocean to the north. Suriname was first colonized by the British, and captured by the Dutch in 1667, who governed it as Dutch Guiana until 1954. The country of Suriname achieved independence from the Kingdom of the Netherlands on 25 November 1975. Suriname, the Netherlands Antilles (until its dissolution in 2010) and the Netherlands itself have cooperated on a basis of equality since 1954.

At just under 165,000 km2 (64,000 sq mi), Suriname is the smallest sovereign state in South America. (French Guiana, while less extensive and populous, is an overseas department of France.) Suriname has a population of approximately 560,000, most of whom live on the country’s north coast, where the capital Paramaribo is located.

Source: Wikipedia

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