Log In

Peru

  • 0
  • 1
  • 2
  • 3
  • 4
  • 5

Peru

Flag_of_Peru.svg
Pin it

Population: 30,135,875 (est.)

Language(s): Spanish

Capital: Lima

Interesting Facts:

  • The Peruvian nuevo sol is the official currency of Peru.
  • The majority of the people in Peru are Roman Catholics.
  • Although the Constitution states that there is freedom of religion, the law mandates that all schools, public and private, impart religious education as part of the curriculum throughout the education process (primary and secondary).
  • Peru follows a ‘Constitutional Republic’ system.
  • Peru was also a part of the Inca Empire, the largest state in pre-Columbian America.
  • Lake Titicaca, which Peru shares with Bolivia, is the largest lake in South America, along with being the highest navigable lake in the world.
  • Machu Picchu, the Lost City of the Incas, is located in the Andes Mountains of Peru.
  • Peru was the last Spanish colony in South America to gain independence.
  • Mining of metals, petroleum, fishing, textiles, clothing and food processing form the major industries in Peru.
  • Peru is the 19th largest country in the world.

Peru, officially the Republic of Peru, is a country in western South America. It is bordered on the north by Ecuador and Colombia, on the east by Brazil, on the southeast by Bolivia, on the south by Chile, and on the west by the Pacific Ocean.

Peruvian territory was home to ancient cultures spanning from the Norte Chico civilization, one of the oldest in the world, to the Inca Empire, the largest state in Pre-Columbian America. The Spanish Empire conquered the region in the 16th century and established a Viceroyalty, which included most of its South American colonies. After achieving independence in 1821, Peru has undergone periods of political unrest and fiscal crisis as well as periods of stability and economic upswing.

Peru is a representative democratic republic divided into 25 regions. Its geography varies from the arid plains of the Pacific coast to the peaks of the Andes Mountains and the tropical forests of the Amazon Basin. It is a developing country with a high Human Development Index score and a poverty level around 28.7 percent. Its main economic activities include agriculture, fishing, mining, and manufacturing of products such as textiles.

The Peruvian population, estimated at 29.5 million, is multiethnic, including Amerindians, Europeans, Africans, and Asians. The main spoken language is Spanish, although a significant number of Peruvians speak Quechua or other native languages. This mixture of cultural traditions has resulted in a wide diversity of expressions in fields such as art, cuisine, literature, and music.

Source: Wikipedia

News, tips, features, videos and facts on the world and travel. Need some travel help? Take a look around and if it's not there feel free to email or tweet us! @InformedXplorer

FEATURED

Spain

Things to see in Costa Brava in 2014

Spain as a whole is a very popular destination for holiday goers. But as there are simply so many places to choose from, here's a suggestion: Costa Brava. It’s filled to the brim with beautiful scenic places, and it has its fair share of fantastically interesting attractions. Read below to…

1
Thailand

Thailand’s prostitute problem

Women hold up signs indicating their weight, age and any skills they have. Madams keep a watchful eye from the doorway of the club, while between ten and twenty young women, all identically dressed in tight tank-top, mini-skirt and high heels, chat by the side of the road, occasionally rising…

2
Palestine

Jerusalem through the eyes of a non-believer

Jerusalem is an amazing place. Upon entering the towering walls of the old city and stumbling upon arguably the most historic, culturally significant and important land on this earth - you are awe struck. This place shaped man/woman, no doubt. Photo by Benjamin Zand © Such incredible religious…

7
Egypt

Exploring Aswan, Egypt

Aswan is a lovely destination in Egypt. It’s the smallest of the 3 major tourist resorts in Egypt, which makes a big difference. You won’t find a lack of tourists, but you’ll be able to relax here. It’s a very easy location in Egypt to reach; you’ll find direct flights…

1

Features

5 things no one tells you about…

1. YOU CAN BUY EVERYTHING OUT THERE - You see all that expensive equipment and gear…

One day in: Venice (INFOGRAPHIC)

Where to go if you have one day in Venice. See the best of the…

It's time to visit Palestine

So, I've just returned from a fascinating trip to Israel and Palestine - honestly one…

One day in: Ho Chi Minh City

Top class food to trendy nightclubs and beautiful scenery - Ho Chi Minh City has…

Exploring Tenerife's wild side

Tenerife is filled with an endless amount of things to see - from Europe’s biggest…

Infographic: What to take when hiking the…

Need to know what to pack when hiking the Alps? Look no further. Here's exactly…

Travel tips

Gear and Globe Trotting: Safari Photography

Photographing wildlife has been the most challenging and heartbreaking exercise I’ve ever undertaken in all of my traveling. Truth be…

Top 5 Pet-Friendly Destinations in the US

BLOWING ROCK, NORTH CAROLINA Nestled in the Blue Ridge Mountains, Moses Cone Manor and Memorial Park is paradise for horse lovers.…

Log In or Create an account