Population: 54 (2011)
Language(s): English, Pitkern
- The New Zealand dollar and the New Zealand pound are the currencies.
- It is thought 100% of the population is Seventh-day Adventist.
- The inhabitants of this tiny isolated economy exist on fishing, subsistence farming, handicrafts, and postage stamps.
- The climate is humid and tropical with average temperatures ranging from 16°C (60°F) on winter nights to 30°C (85°F) on summer days.
- Rainfall is moderate with no strong seasonal pattern, just a bit wetter in the winter.
- The Pitcairn Islands has the smallest population of any democracy in the world.
- In 2003, a baby was born in the Pitcairn islands in the Pacific for the first time in 17 years!
The Pitcairn Islands, officially named the Pitcairn, Henderson, Ducie and Oeno Islands, are a group of four volcanic islands in the southern Pacific Ocean that form a British Overseas Territory. The four islands – Pitcairn, Henderson, Ducie, and Oeno – are spread over several hundred miles of ocean and have a total land area of about 47 square kilometres (18 sq mi). Only Pitcairn, the second largest and measuring about 3.6 kilometres (2.2 mi) from east to west, is inhabited.
The islands are best known as home of the descendants of the Bounty mutineers and the Tahitians (or Polynesians) who accompanied them, an event retold in numerous books and films. This history is still apparent in the surnames of many of the islanders. With only about 67 inhabitants (currently from four main families: Christian, Warren, Young and Brown), Pitcairn is the least populous jurisdiction in the world. The United Nations Committee on Decolonisation includes the Pitcairn Islands on the United Nations list of Non-Self-Governing Territories.