Population: 1,398 (est.)
Language(s): Niuean, English
- The New Zealand dollar is the official colour of Niue.
- Seventy-five percent of the population of Niue belong to the Ekalesia Nieue (a national Congregationalist body), about 15% are Latter-day Saints and 7% are Catholics.
- The economy of Niue is heavily dependent on aid from New Zealand. Government expenditures regularly exceed revenues, and the shortfall is made up by grants from New Zealand which are used to pay wages to public employees.
- In 2003, Niue became the world’s first “wi-fi nation”, in which free wireless Internet access is provided throughout the country by The Internet Users Society-Niue.
- The United Nations itself recognizes Niue as one of two states in the world (the other one being the Cook Islands) that, as of 2013, are neither member States nor observer States of the UN.
- All Niueans are New Zealand citizens and Queen Elizabeth II is Niue’s head of state.
Niue is an island country in the South Pacific Ocean, 2,400 kilometres (1,500 mi) northeast of New Zealand and within the triangle formed by Tonga (to the southwest), the Samoas (to the northwest) and the Cook Islands (to the southeast). Its land area is 260 square kilometres (100 sq mi) and its population, predominantly Polynesian, is around 1,400. They commonly refer to the island as “the Rock”, a reference to the traditional moniker “Rock of Polynesia”.
The United Nations itself recognizes Niue as one of two states in the world (the other one being the Cook Islands) that, as of 2013, are neither member States nor observer States of the UN. Both Niue and the Cook Islands are, however, full members of UNESCO, FAO, UNCLOS, and UNFCCC, among other international organizations and UN specialized agencies.
Niue is in free association with New Zealand, and most of its diplomatic relations are conducted by New Zealand on Niue’s behalf. All Niueans are New Zealand citizens and Queen Elizabeth II is Niue’s head of state in her capacity as Queen of New Zealand. 90-95% of Niuean people live in New Zealand, along with about 70% of the speakers of the Niuean language.