Log In

Qatar

Qatar

756px-Flag_of_Qatar.svg
Pin it

Population: 1,853,563 (est.)

Language(s): Arabic

Capital: Doha

Interesting Facts:

  • The official currency of Qatar is the Qatari riyal.
  • Islam is the majority religion in Qatar. Around 77.5% of the population are Muslim, 8.5% are Christian and 14% are “Other”.
  • With a small citizen population of fewer than 250,000 people, foreign workers outnumber native Qataris.
  • Qatar was labelled ‘the richest country in the world’ in terms of GDP (PPP) per capita in 2012 by Forbes.
  • Qatar’s wealth is due to its enormous oil and natural gas revenues.
  • Qatar’s Aspire Academy sports dome, located in Doha, is the largest in the world.

Qatar, officially the State of Qatar, is a sovereign Arab state, located in Western Asia, occupying the small Qatar Peninsula on the northeasterly coast of the much larger Arabian Peninsula. Its sole land border is with Saudi Arabia to the south, with the rest of its territory surrounded by the Persian Gulf. A strait of the Persian Gulf separates Qatar from the nearby island state of Bahrain.

Qatar has been ruled as an absolute and hereditary emirate by the Al Thani family since the mid-19th century. Formerly one of the poorest Gulf states, the mainly barren country was noted mainly for pearl hunting. It was a British protectorate until it gained independence in 1971. Since then, it has become one of the region’s wealthiest states due to its enormous oil and natural gas revenues. In 1995, Sheikh Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani became Emir when he deposed his father, Khalifa bin Hamad Al Thani, in a peaceful coup d’état. The most important positions in Qatar are held by the members of the Al Thani family, or close confidants of the al-Thani family. Beginning in 1992, Qatar has built intimate military ties with the United States, and is now the location of U.S. Central Command’s Forward Headquarters and the Combined Air Operations Center.

Qatar has proven reserves of oil and natural gas. Qatar tops the list of the world’s richest countries by Forbes. In 2010, Qatar had the world’s highest GDP per capita, while the economy grew by 19%, the fastest in the world. The main drivers for this rapid growth are attributed to ongoing increases in production and exports of liquefied natural gas, oil, petrochemicals, and related industries. Qatar has the second-highest human development in the Arab World after the United Arab Emirates. In 2009, Qatar was the United States’ fifth-largest export market in the Middle East, trailing behind the U.A.E., Israel, Saudi Arabia, and Egypt.

With a small citizen population of fewer than 250,000 people, foreign workers outnumber native Qataris. Foreign expatriates come mainly from other Arab nations (20% of population), the Indian subcontinent (India 20%, Nepal 13%, Pakistan 7%, Sri Lanka 5%), Southeast Asia (Philippines 10%), and other countries (5%). Qatar has attracted an estimated $100 billion in investment, with approximately $60 to $70 billion coming from the United States in the energy sector. It is estimated that Qatar will invest over $120 billion in the energy sector in the next ten years.

Source: Wikipedia

News, tips, features, videos and facts on the world and travel. Need some travel help? Take a look around and if it's not there feel free to email or tweet us! @InformedXplorer

FEATURED

Travel Tips

5 places to spend your study abroad year

Studying abroad for a year after college or university is a great way of travelling, seeing the world and meeting new people. It is a once in a lifetime opportunity, when you have nothing to hold you back (except for maybe a lack of money!). But I always found myself…

0
Travel Tips

Top spring locations 2014

As bright Spring blooms in the northern hemisphere and shiny autumn showcases in the south, it is a perfect time to get out and explore the world. Take a trip outside, tour a different country, walk, hike go on a scenic drive. But where to go? Choosing your next adventure…

0
Photography

A trip through the Maasai Mara National Reserve

Male Lion I have been a big fan of wildlife photography for a long time. Photographer Martin Dunn does an amazing job capturing the animals in their natural setting, and offers some great tips if you're looking to do the same. With over 30 years of experience taking pictures of the…

0
Spain

Things to see in Costa Brava in 2014

Spain as a whole is a very popular destination for holiday goers. But as there are simply so many places to choose from, here's a suggestion: Costa Brava. It’s filled to the brim with beautiful scenic places, and it has its fair share of fantastically interesting attractions. Read below to…

1

Features

A trip through the Maasai Mara National…

Male Lion I have been a big fan of wildlife photography for a long time. Photographer…

5 things no one tells you about…

1. YOU CAN BUY EVERYTHING OUT THERE - You see all that expensive equipment and gear…

One day in: Venice (INFOGRAPHIC)

Where to go if you have one day in Venice. See the best of the…

It's time to visit Palestine

So, I've just returned from a fascinating trip to Israel and Palestine - honestly one…

One day in: Ho Chi Minh City

Top class food to trendy nightclubs and beautiful scenery - Ho Chi Minh City has…

Exploring Tenerife's wild side

Tenerife is filled with an endless amount of things to see - from Europe’s biggest…

Travel tips

5 places to spend your study abroad year

Studying abroad for a year after college or university is a great way of travelling, seeing the world and meeting…

Top spring locations 2014

As bright Spring blooms in the northern hemisphere and shiny autumn showcases in the south, it is a perfect time…

Log In or Create an account