Log In

Romania

  • 0
  • 1
  • 2
  • 3
  • 4
  • 5

Romania

Flag_of_Romania.svg
Pin it

Population: 19,043,767 (est.)

Language(s): Romanian

Capital: Bucharest

Interesting Facts:

  • The Romanian leu is the official currency of Romania.
  • Romania is a secular state and has no state religion. However, the majority of the country’s citizens identify themselves as Christians.
  • Around 86.7% of the country’s population identified as Orthodox Christian and there are also small factions of Jews, Muslims and Atheists in the country.
  • Romania’s Danube Delta is a World Heritage site and is the second largest delta in the whole of Europe.
  • More than half of Romania’s Jewish population died in the Second World War.
  • Romania joined the European Union in 2007, along with Bulgaria.
  • Irish author Bram Stoker based his horror novel ‘Dracula’ on the fifteenth century Wallachian Prince, Vlad Dracul of Romania.
  • Romania’s most prominent mineral resource is oil.
  • Romania is the ninth largest nation in European Union by area. Its capital is Bucharest which is largest city in the country and the 10th largest in the European Union.
  • The traditional sport of Romania is Oin which is unique and is similar to baseball.
  • Gypsies have a considerable population in Romania have representatives in Romanian parliament.
  • Romania has a developing, upper-middle income market economy, the 11th largest in the European Union by total nominal GDP and the 8th largest based on purchasing power parity.
  • Until 2009, Romanian economic growth was among the fastest in Europe (officially 8.4% in 2008 and more than three times the EU average) yet it has since been heavily damaged by the economic downturn.

Romania is a country located at the intersection of Central and Southeastern Europe, bordering on the Black Sea. Romania shares a border with Hungary and Serbia to the west, Ukraine and Moldova to the northeast and east, and Bulgaria to the south. At 238,400 square kilometers (92,000 sq mi), Romania is the ninth largest country of the European Union by area, and has the seventh largest population of the European Union with more than 19 million people. Its capital and largest city is Bucharest, the tenth largest city in the EU.

The United Principalities emerged when the territories of Moldavia and Wallachia were united under Prince Alexander Ioan Cuza in 1859. In 1881 Prince Karl of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen was crowned as King Carol I the first monarch of the Kingdom of Romania. Independence from the Ottoman Empire was declared on 9 May 1877, and was internationally recognized the following year. At the end of World War I, Transylvania, Bukovina and Bessarabia united with the Kingdom of Romania. Greater Romania emerged into an era of progression and prosperity that would continue until the eve of World War II. That war caused the rise of a military dictatorship in Romania under fascist General Antonescu, who chose to fight on the side of the Axis powers from 1941 to 1944. After his removal, Romania switched sides in 1944 and joined the Allies. By the end of the war, some formerly Romanian northeastern territories were occupied by the Soviet Union, with Red Army units stationed on Romanian soil. Then Romania forcibly became a People’s Republic and a member of the Warsaw Pact.

With the fall of the Iron Curtain and the 1989 Revolution, Romania began its transition towards democracy and a capitalist market economy. After a decade of post-revolution economic problems and living-standards decline, extensive reforms fostered economic recovery. As of 2010, Romania is an upper-middle-income country with a high human development index.

Romania joined NATO on 29 March 2004, and the European Union on 1 January 2007. It is also a member of the: Latin Union, Francophonie, OSCE, WTO, BSEC, United Nations, etc. Today, Romania is a unitary semi-presidential republic, in which the executive branch consists of the President and the Government.

Source: Wikipedia

News, tips, features, videos and facts on the world and travel. Need some travel help? Take a look around and if it's not there feel free to email or tweet us! @InformedXplorer

FEATURED

Photography

A trip through the Maasai Mara National Reserve

Male Lion I have been a big fan of wildlife photography for a long time. Photographer Martin Dunn does an amazing job capturing the animals in their natural setting, and offers some great tips if you're looking to do the same. With over 30 years of experience taking pictures of the…

0
Spain

Things to see in Costa Brava in 2014

Spain as a whole is a very popular destination for holiday goers. But as there are simply so many places to choose from, here's a suggestion: Costa Brava. It’s filled to the brim with beautiful scenic places, and it has its fair share of fantastically interesting attractions. Read below to…

1
Thailand

Thailand’s prostitute problem

Women hold up signs indicating their weight, age and any skills they have. Madams keep a watchful eye from the doorway of the club, while between ten and twenty young women, all identically dressed in tight tank-top, mini-skirt and high heels, chat by the side of the road, occasionally rising…

2
Palestine

Jerusalem through the eyes of a non-believer

Jerusalem is an amazing place. Upon entering the towering walls of the old city and stumbling upon arguably the most historic, culturally significant and important land on this earth - you are awe struck. This place shaped man/woman, no doubt. Photo by Benjamin Zand © Such incredible religious…

7

Features

A trip through the Maasai Mara National…

Male Lion I have been a big fan of wildlife photography for a long time. Photographer…

5 things no one tells you about…

1. YOU CAN BUY EVERYTHING OUT THERE - You see all that expensive equipment and gear…

One day in: Venice (INFOGRAPHIC)

Where to go if you have one day in Venice. See the best of the…

It's time to visit Palestine

So, I've just returned from a fascinating trip to Israel and Palestine - honestly one…

One day in: Ho Chi Minh City

Top class food to trendy nightclubs and beautiful scenery - Ho Chi Minh City has…

Exploring Tenerife's wild side

Tenerife is filled with an endless amount of things to see - from Europe’s biggest…

Travel tips

Gear and Globe Trotting: Safari Photography

Photographing wildlife has been the most challenging and heartbreaking exercise I’ve ever undertaken in all of my traveling. Truth be…

Top 5 Pet-Friendly Destinations in the US

BLOWING ROCK, NORTH CAROLINA Nestled in the Blue Ridge Mountains, Moses Cone Manor and Memorial Park is paradise for horse lovers.…

Log In or Create an account