Population: 452,515 (est.)
Language(s): Maltese, English
- The Euro (€) is the official currency of Malta.
- The Constitution of Malta declares Roman Catholicism as the state religion although entrenched provisions for the freedom of religion are made.
- Freedom House and the CIA World Factbook report that 98% of the population is Roman Catholic, this is very debatable though.
- Malta is classified as an advanced economy together with 32 other countries according to the International Monetary Fund (IMF).
- Malta produces only about 20% of its food needs, has limited freshwater supplies, and has no domestic energy sources.
- The economy is dependent on foreign trade, manufacturing (especially electronics), tourism and financial services.
- Malta has a Subtropical-Mediterranean climate, with mild winters and warm to hot summers. Rain occurs mainly in winter, with summer being generally dry.
- There are essentially only two seasons, making the islands an attractive tourist destination.
- Malta was earlier known as Melita, meaning the island of honey, by ancient Greeks and Romans.
- Malta gained independence from the United Kingdom, on 21st September 1964. It became a republic on 13th December 1974.
- Malta is believed to have served as the site for the legendary city of Atlantis.
- There is an 88% literacy rate for both men and women in Malta.
- Malta follows a Parliamentary Republic system.
- Malta covers just over 316 km2 (122 sq mi) in land area, making it one of the world’s smallest states.
Malta, officially the Republic of Malta, is a Southern European country consisting of an archipelago situated in the centre of the Mediterranean, 80 km (50 mi) south of Sicily, 284 km (176 mi) east of Tunisia and 333 km (207 mi) north of Libya. Gibraltar lies 1,755 km (1,091 mi) to the west and Alexandria 1,508 km (937 mi) to the east. Malta covers just over 316 km2 (122 sq mi) in land area, making it one of the world’s smallest states. It is also one of the most densely populated countries worldwide. The de facto capital city of Malta is Valletta; the largest town, Birkirkara. The main island comprises many towns, which together form one Larger Urban Zone (LUZ) with a population of 368,250 according to Eurostat. The country has two official languages Maltese (the national language) and English.
Throughout history, Malta’s location has given it great strategic importance, and a succession of powers including the Phoenicians, Greeks, Romans, Arabs, Normans, Aragonese, Habsburg Spain, Knights of St John, French and the British ruled the islands. Malta gained independence from the United Kingdom in 1964 and became a republic in 1974, whilst retaining membership in the Commonwealth of Nations. Malta was admitted to the United Nations in 1964 and to the European Union in 2004. Malta is also party to the Schengen Agreement and in 2008 it became part of the eurozone.
Malta has a long Christian legacy and is an Apostolic see. According to the Acts of the Apostles in the Bible, St. Paul was shipwrecked on “Melite”, as the Greeks called the island, and ministered there. Catholicism is the official religion in Malta as declared by the Maltese constitution.
Malta is internationally renowned as a tourist destination, with numerous recreational areas and historical monuments, including nine UNESCO World Heritage Sites, most prominently the Megalithic Temples which are some of the oldest free-standing structures in the world.