Population: 2,058,539 (est.)
- The Macedonian denar is the official currency of Macedonia.
- Orthodox Christianity is the majority faith of the Republic of Macedonia making up 64.7% of the population, the vast majority of which belong to the Macedonian Orthodox Church. Muslims comprise 33.3% of the population.
- Macedonia has the fifth-highest proportion of Muslims in Europe.
- Macedonia is vulnerable to economic developments in Europe – due to strong banking and trade ties – and dependent on regional integration and progress toward EU membership for continued economic growth.
- Official unemployment remains high at 29.1%, but may be overstated due to the country’s extensive gray market, estimated to be between 20% and 45% of GDP.
- Macedonia has warm, dry summers and autumns with relatively cold winters and heavy snowfall.
- Macedonia was the only country to secede from the Yugoslav federation without wreaking havoc and violence.
- Macedonia is one of the successor states of the former Yugoslavia, from which it gained independence in 1991.
- Clothing, iron and steel classify as the nation’s main exports and the largest sources of annual revenue.
- Parliamentary elections are held every four years, when the Prime Minister is elected. The President of Macedonia is elected for a five-year term.
- Alexander the Great is from Macedonia.
Macedonia, officially the Republic of Macedonia, is a country located in the central Balkan peninsula in Southeast Europe. It is one of the successor states of the former Yugoslavia, from which it declared independence in 1991. It became a member of the United Nations in 1993 but, as a result of a dispute with Greece over its name, it was admitted under the provisional reference of the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, sometimes abbreviated as FYROM.
A landlocked country, the Republic of Macedonia is bordered by Kosovo to the northwest, Serbia to the north, Bulgaria to the east, Greece to the south and Albania to the west. It constitutes approximately the northwestern half of the larger geographical region of Macedonia, which also comprises parts of Greece and Bulgaria. The country’s capital is Skopje, with 506,926 inhabitants according to a 2002 census. Other cities include Bitola, Kumanovo, Prilep, Tetovo, Ohrid, Veles, Štip, Kočani, Gostivar, Kavadarci and Strumica. It has more than 50 lakes and sixteen mountains higher than 2,000 m (6,562 ft). Macedonia is a member of the UN and the Council of Europe. Since December 2005 it has also been a candidate for joining the European Union and has applied for NATO membership.