Population: 524,853 (est.)
- The Euro (€) is the official currency of Luxembourg.
- Roman Cathlocism is Luxembourg’s predominant religion.
- The country is the only remaining sovereign Grand Duchy in the world.
- Luxembourg is a secular state, but the state recognises certain religions as officially mandated religions.
- Around 44% of Luxembourg citizens believe there is a God, 28% believe there is some sort of spirit or life force and 22% do not believe there is any sort of spirit, god, or life force.
- Luxembourg is one of the world’s most developed countries, with an advanced economy.
- Depending on different estimations, Luxembourg has either the world’s highest or second highest (behind Qatar) GDP (PPP) per capita.
- The economy of Luxembourg is largely dependent on the banking, steel, and industrial sectors.
- Luxembourg’s GDP is almost 3 times the EU average.
- Luxembourg has the highest minimum legal salary in the European Union.
- Luxembourg is the least populated country in the European Union and one of the smallest nations in the world.
- Luxembourgish, a Franconian language of the Moselle region, is the mother tongue of nearly all Luxembourgers.
Luxembourg, officially the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, is a landlocked country in western Europe, bordered by Belgium, France, and Germany. It has two principal regions: the Oesling in the north as part of the Ardennes massif, and the Gutland (“good country”) in the south. Luxembourg has a population of 524,853 (as of October 2012) in an area of 2,586 square kilometres (998 sq mi).
As a representative democracy with a constitutional monarch, it is headed by a grand duke and is the world’s only remaining grand duchy. Luxembourg is one of the world’s most developed countries, with an advanced economy and the world’s highest GDP (PPP) per capita, according to the World Bank. Its historic and strategic importance dates back to its founding as a Roman era fortress and Frankish count’s castle site in the Early Middle Ages. It was an important bastion along the Spanish Road when Spain was the principal European power influencing the whole western hemisphere and beyond in the 16th–17th centuries.
Luxembourg is a member of the European Union, NATO, OECD, the United Nations, and Benelux, reflecting the political consensus in favour of economic, political, and military integration. The city of Luxembourg, the largest and capital city, is the seat of several institutions and agencies of the EU.
Reflecting its geographic position, Luxembourg’s culture is a fusion of Romance and Germanic Europe, borrowing customs from each of the distinct traditions. Luxembourg is a trilingual country: Luxembourgish, French and German are official languages. Although a secular state, Luxembourg is predominantly Roman Catholic.