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Hungary

Hungary

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Population: 9,942,000 (est.)

Language(s): Hungarian

Capital: Budapest

Interesting Facts:

  • The Hungarian forint is the official currency of Hungary.
  • Roman Catholicism is the main religion followed in Hungary, followed by Calvinist, Lutheran and Greek Catholicism.
  • In the Eurostat – Eurobarometer poll of 2005, 44% of Hungarians answered that they believed there is a God, 31% answered they believed there is some sort of spirit or life force, and 19% that they do not believe there is a God, spirit, nor life force.
  • Hungary is one of the oldest countries in Europe, founded in the year 896.
  • Hungary was amongst the first communist-era countries that opposed the Soviet regime during the Cold War.
  • In 1989, Hungary became the first communist-bloc country to open its borders with Western Europe.
  • As per EU statistics, Hungary has the highest death rate by cancer in Europe and also the highest female suicide rate.
  • March 15th is celebrated as the Revolution and Independence against the Habsburg Monarchy.
  • Hungary is home to some of the most important natural sources such as fertile alluvial soils, arable land, coal, bauxite, manganese, uranium, lignite, natural stones and natural gas.
  • Hungary is one of the thirty most popular tourist destinations in the world, attracting 10.2 million tourists a year (2011).

Hungary is a landlocked country in Central Europe. It is situated in the Carpathian Basin and is bordered by Slovakia to the north, Ukraine, and Romania to the east, Serbia, and Croatia to the south, Slovenia to the southwest and Austria to the west. The country’s capital, and largest city, is Budapest. Hungary is a member of the European Union, NATO, the OECD, the Visegrád Group, and is a Schengen state. The official language is Hungarian, also known as Magyar, which is part of the Finno-Ugric group and is the most widely spoken non-Indo-European language in the European Union.

Following a Celtic (after c. 450 BC) and a Roman (AD 9 – c. 430) period, the foundation of Hungary was laid in the late 9th century by the Hungarian prince Árpád, whose great-grandson Saint Stephen I was crowned with a crown sent by the pope from Rome in 1000 AD. The Kingdom of Hungary existed for 946 years, and at various points was regarded as one of the cultural centres of the Western world. After about 150 years of partial Ottoman occupation (1541–1699), Hungary was integrated into the Habsburg Monarchy, and later constituted half of the Austro-Hungarian dual monarchy (1867–1918). A great power until the end of World War I, Hungary has lost about 70 percent of its territory, along with one third of its ethnically Hungarian population, and all its sea ports under the Treaty of Trianon, the terms of which have been considered excessively harsh by many in Hungary. The kingdom was succeeded by an authoritarian regime, and then a Communist era (1947–1989) during which Hungary gained widespread international attention during the Revolution of 1956 and the seminal opening of its border with Austria in 1989, thus accelerating the collapse of the Eastern Bloc. The present form of government is a parliamentary republic, which was established in 1989. Today, Hungary is a high-income economy.

Hungary is one of the thirty most popular tourist destinations in the world, attracting 10.2 million tourists a year (2011). The country is home to the largest thermal water cave system and the second largest thermal lake in the world (Lake Hévíz), the largest lake in Central Europe (Lake Balaton), and the largest natural grasslands in Europe (Hortobágy).

Source: Wikipedia

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