Log In

Georgia

Georgia

Flag_of_Georgia.svg
Pin it

Population: 4,469,200 (est.)

Language(s): Georgian

Capital: Tbilisi (Official), Kutaisi (Legislative)

Interesting Facts:

  • The Georgian lari is the official currency of Georgia.
  • Most of the population in Georgia practices Orthodox Christianity, primarily the Georgian Orthodox Church. Muslims make up 9.9% of the population.
  • There is also a sizeable Jewish community in Tbilisi served by two synagogues.
  • Georgia’s main economic activities include the cultivation of agricultural products such as grapes, citrus fruits, and hazelnuts; mining of manganese, copper, and gold; and output of a small industrial sector producing alcoholic and nonalcoholic beverages, metals, machinery, and chemicals.
  • Georgia’s economy was severely damaged due to civil strife in the 1990s.
  • The climate of Georgia is typical of a humid subtropical climate with most of the state having mild winters and hot summers.
  • The deepest known cave in the world is the Voronya Cave in Georgia.
  • Georgia gained independence from the Soviet Union in 1991.
  • Georgia is considered a transcontinental country.

Georgia is a sovereign state in the Caucasus region of Eurasia. Located at the crossroads of Western Asia and Eastern Europe, it is bounded to the west by the Black Sea, to the north by Russia, to the south by Turkey and Armenia, and to the southeast by Azerbaijan. The capital of Georgia is Tbilisi. Georgia covers a territory of 69,700 km² and its population is almost 4.7 million. Georgia is a unitary, semi-presidential republic, with the government elected through a representative democracy.

During the classical era independent kingdoms became established in what is now Georgia. The kingdoms of Colchis and Iberia adopted Christianity in the early 4th century. A unified Georgia reached the peak of its political and economic strength during the reign of King David IV and Queen Tamar in the 11th–12th centuries. At the beginning of the 19th century, Georgia was annexed by the Russian Empire. After a brief period of independence following the Russian Revolution of 1917, Georgia was occupied by Soviet Russia in 1921, becoming the Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic and part of the Soviet Union. After independence in 1991, post-communist Georgia suffered from civil unrest and economic crisis for most of the 1990s. This lasted until the Rose Revolution of 2003, after which the new government introduced democratic and economic reforms.

Georgia is a member of the Council of Europe and the GUAM Organization for Democracy and Economic Development. It contains two de facto independent regions, Abkhazia and South Ossetia, which gained limited international recognition after the 2008 Russo-Georgian War. Georgia considers the regions to be part of its sovereign territory under Russian military occupation.

Source: Wikipedia

News, tips, features, videos and facts on the world and travel. Need some travel help? Take a look around and if it's not there feel free to email or tweet us! @InformedXplorer

FEATURED

Features

10 Road Trips in Eastern Europe

Road trips are a great way to see a place without spending a whole lot of cash! One of the places you should be heading to is Eastern Europe – with it's spectacular landscapes, rich history and sheer cultural variety, you'll be spoilt for choice. Our top ten road trips…

0
Sport

5 Must-See Sporting Events before you die

Nothing beats the thrill of watching live sports in a venue packed with screaming fans. The following list covers five major sports events that must be seen in a lifetime. FIFA World Cup   So this year's World Cup may be over, but fear not... There's more! Football (soccer) is by far…

0
Nepal

Trekking Nepal - an adventure guide to the perfect hike

You can hike all over the world, but there is no place like trekking Nepal. This is the land where you can trek through the highest mountains on earth, the Himalayas. The apeaks are legendary and the scenery is unparalleled. For an adventure of a lifetime, here are some of…

0
world cup

12 Essential Phrases for Brazil World Cup 2014

So your team have made the World Cup in Brazil 2014. Everything is ready, game tickets are bought, hotel and flights are booked… but have you been studying your Portuguese? You’re probably too busy buying sandals and looking forward to your tan – so I’ve taken care of that for…

0

Features

10 Road Trips in Eastern Europe

Road trips are a great way to see a place without spending a whole lot…

5 Must-See Sporting Events before you die

Nothing beats the thrill of watching live sports in a venue packed with screaming fans.…

Trekking Nepal - an adventure guide to…

You can hike all over the world, but there is no place like trekking Nepal.…

Do 'volunteer charity camps' do any good?

Do ‘volunteer camps’ actually do any good? Last year whilst travelling around Asia, my girlfriend and…

Exploring South Africa's countryside

Sophisticated travelers are always looking for authentic experiences, not just the standard tourist fare. In…

Undiscovered Thailand

Images of neon-lit shopping malls, skyscrapers, and great nightlife come to mind when we think…

Travel tips

Explore Australia by road

This is a guest post from Mick from Campervan rental in Australia In the present day, tourism truly plays a very significant…

12 Essential Phrases for Brazil World Cup 2014

So your team have made the World Cup in Brazil 2014. Everything is ready, game tickets are bought, hotel and…

Log In or Create an account