Population: 49,267 (est.)
Language(s): Faroese, Danish
- The Danish krone and the Faroese króna are the currencies of the Faroe Islands.
- Christianity is the main religion of the Faroe Islands, around 84.1% of the Faroese population are members of the state church, the Faroese People’s Church, a form of Lutheranism.
- Economic troubles caused by a collapse of the Faroese fishing industry in the early 1990s brought high unemployment rates of 10 to 15% by the mid 1990s.
- Unemployment has declined but the almost total dependence on fishing and fish farming means that the economy remains vulnerable.
- Faroe Islands winters are mild (mean temperature 3.0 to 4.0 °C or 37 to 39°F) while summers are cool (mean temperature 9.5 to 10.5 °C or 49 to 51°F).
There are no prisons and prisoners in Faroe Islands as prisoners are sentoff to Denmark.
The Faroe Islands (literally Sheep Islands) are an island group and archipelago under the sovereignty of the Kingdom of Denmark, situated between the Norwegian Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, approximately halfway between Norway and Iceland. The total area is approximately 1,400 km2 (540 sq mi) with a 2010 population of almost 50,000 people.
The Faroe Islands have been a self-governing country within the Danish Realm since 1948. Over the years, the Faroese have taken control of most domestic matters. Areas that remain the responsibility of Denmark include military defence, police, justice, currency and foreign affairs. The Faroe Islands also has representatives in the Nordic Council as members of the Danish delegation.
The islands were associated with and taxed by Denmark and Norway up to 1814, when Norway fell under the rule of Sweden. Scandinavia was in political turmoil following the Sixth Coalition of the Napoleonic Wars, when the Treaty of Kiel granted Denmark control over the Faroes, Iceland and Greenland in 1814. The Danish trade monopoly ended in 1856.