Population: 1,340,194 (est.)
- The Euro (€) is the official currency of Estonia.
- Estonia’s constitution guarantees freedom of religion, separation of church and state, and individual rights to privacy of belief and religion.
- Estonia is one of the least religious countries in the world, with 75.7% of the population claiming to be irreligious.
- The Eurobarometer Poll 2005 found that only 16% of Estonians profess a belief in a god, the lowest belief of all countries studied (EU study).
- Estonia was the first country in the world to use online political voting.
- Estonia gained its independence from the Soviet Union in 1991.
- Estonia is named after the “Ests” who inhabited the region in the first Century AD.
- Estonia has a modern market-based economy and one of the higher per capita income levels in Central Europe and the Baltic region.
- Estonian economy was one of the fastest growing in the world until 2006 with growth rates even exceeding 10% annually.
- The economy benefits from strong electronics and telecommunications sectors and strong trade ties with Finland, Sweden, Russia, and Germany.
- Estonia has four seasons of near-equal length. Average temperatures range from 16.3 °C (61.3 °F) on the Baltic islands to 18.1 °C (64.6 °F) inland in July, the warmest month, and from ?3.5 °C (25.7 °F) on the Baltic islands to ?7.6 °C (18.3 °F) inland in February, the coldest month.
- About 48% of Estonia is covered by forest.
Estonia, officially the Republic of Estonia, is a state in the Baltic region of Northern Europe. It is bordered to the north by the Gulf of Finland, to the west by the Baltic Sea, to the south by Latvia (343 km), and to the east by Lake Peipus and Russia (338.6 km). Across the Baltic Sea lies Sweden in the west and Finland in the north. The territory of Estonia covers 45,227 km2 (17,462 sq mi), and is influenced by a temperate seasonal climate. The Estonians are a Finnic people, and the official language, Estonian, is a Finno-Ugric language closely related to Finnish and distantly to Hungarian.
Estonia is a democratic parliamentary republic divided into 15 counties. The capital and largest city is Tallinn. With a population of 1.29 million, it is one of the least-populous members of the European Union, Eurozone and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization. Estonia has the highest gross domestic product per person among the former Soviet republics. It is listed as a “high-income economy” by the World Bank, is identified as an “advanced economy” by the International Monetary Fund, and is a member of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. The United Nations classifies Estonia as a developed country with a very high Human Development Index, and the country ranks highly in measures of press freedom (3rd in the World in 2012), economic freedom, political freedom and education.