Population: 8,249,574 (est.)
- The Honduran lempira is the official currency of Honduras.
- The latest nationanwide survey in Honduras found 47% of respondents identify themselves as Roman Catholics, 36% as evangelical Protestants, and 17% either provide no answer or consider themselves “other”.
- When Christopher Columbus discovered Honduras, it is thought his first words were: “Thank God we got out these great depths!” Honduras’ literal meaning is: Great Depths.
- The five stars on the Honduran flag represent the five countries of Central America. With the middle star representing Honduras, because it’s the only country that touches four of the CA countries.
- More than 50% of the country lives below poverty levels.
- Honduras was formerly known as Spanish Honduras in order to differentiate itself from Belize, which was previously known (see Belize post) as British Honduras.
Honduras is a republic in Central America. It was at times referred to as Spanish Honduras to differentiate it from British Honduras, which became the modern-day state of Belize. The country is bordered to the west by Guatemala, to the southwest by El Salvador, to the southeast by Nicaragua, to the south by the Pacific Ocean at the Gulf of Fonseca, and to the north by the Gulf of Honduras, a large inlet of the Caribbean Sea.
Honduras was home to several important indigenous cultures, most notably the Maya. Much of the country was conquered by Spain which introduced its now predominant language and many of its customs in the sixteenth century. It became independent in 1821 and has been a republic since the end of Spanish rule.
The area of Honduras is about 112,492 km² and the population exceeds eight million. Its northern portions are part of the Western Caribbean Zone. Honduras is most notable for production of minerals, coffee, tropical fruit, sugar cane and recently for export of clothing in the international market.