Population: 173,765 (est.)
- The East Caribbean dollar is the official currency of Saint Lucia.
- The main religions on the island are Roman Catholicism, Protestantism and Anglicanism.
- Saint Lucia’s temperature doesn’t fluctuate much between winter and summer.
- The dry season is from December to June, and the rainy season is from June to November.
- Average daytime temperatures are around 29 °C (84.2 °F), and average nighttime temperatures are around 18 °C (64.4 °F).
- The average life expectancy of the people of Saint Lucia is around 72 years.
- The Voice, The Star, The St Lucia Mirror, The Crusader and One Caribbean are some of the main newspapers of St Lucia.
- The recorded literacy rate of St Lucia shows about 67 percent of the population to be literate.
- St Lucia continues to be a current member of the Commonwealth of Nations.
Saint Lucia is a sovereign island country in the eastern Caribbean Sea on the boundary with the Atlantic Ocean. Part of the Lesser Antilles, it is located north/northeast of the island of Saint Vincent, northwest of Barbados and south of Martinique. It covers a land area of 617 km2 (238.23 sq mi) and has a population of 174,000 (2010). Its capital is Castries.
One of the Windward Islands, Saint Lucia was named after Saint Lucy of Syracuse by the French, the island’s first European colonizers. They signed a treaty with the native Carib people in 1660. England took control of the island from 1663 to 1667; in ensuing years, it was at war with France 14 times and rule of the island changed frequently (it was seven times each ruled by the French and British). In 1814, the British took definitive control of the island. Because it switched so often between British and French control, Saint Lucia was also known as the “Helen of the West Indies”.
Saint Lucia has a legal system based on British common law. The judiciary is independent and conducts generally fair public trials.
The financial sector has weathered the global financial crisis, but the recession has hurt tourism.
Representative government came about in 1924 (with universal suffrage from 1953). From 1958 to 1962, the island was a member of the Federation of the West Indies. On February 22, 1979, Saint Lucia became an independent state of the Commonwealth of Nations associated with the United Kingdom. The island nation celebrates this every year with a public holiday. It is also a member of la Francophonie.