Log In

Puerto Rico

Puerto Rico

Flag_of_Puerto_Rico.svg
Pin it

Population:  3,667,084 (est.)

Language(s): Spanish, English

Capital: San Juan

Interesting Facts:

  • The US$ is the official currency of Puerto Rico, though it is often referred to as  the ‘peso’ by the locals.
  • The Constitution guarantees freedom for all faiths. The major religions are: Catholic (85%), Protestants (8%), non religious (2.3%), and others (3%).
  • The ethnic demographics in Puerto Rico are around, 80.5% white (mostly Spanish origin), 8% black, 0.4% Amerindian, 0.2% Asian, mixed and 10.9% other.
  • The climate is Tropical Marine with average temperatures year round, near 26.7 °C (80 °F) in lower elevations and 21.1 °C (70 °F) in the mountains.
  • Puerto Rico is a free associated territory of the United States. Moreover, since 1917, all Puerto Ricans are born as American citizens.
  • Puerto Rico is a hurricane prone island and should be avoided during the hurricane season, from June to November. Winter is the peak tourist season.
  • Cockfighting is legal in Puerto Rico with many towns having their own ‘coliseums’ built for rooster fights.
  • Puerto Rico houses the world’s largest single-dish radio telescope in the world, measuring thousand feet in diameter and spanning almost 20 acres.

Puerto Rico officially the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, is an unincorporated territory of the United States, located in the northeastern Caribbean, east of the Dominican Republic and west of both the United States Virgin Islands and the British Virgin Islands.

Puerto Rico (Spanish for “rich port”) comprises an archipelago that includes the main island of Puerto Rico and a number of smaller islands, the largest of which are Vieques, Culebra, and Mona. The main island of Puerto Rico is the smallest by land area of the Greater Antilles. It ranks third in population among that group of four islands, which include Cuba, Hispaniola (Dominican Republic and Haiti), and Jamaica. Due to its location, Puerto Rico enjoys a tropical climate and is subject to the Atlantic hurricane season.

Originally populated for centuries by indigenous aboriginal peoples known as Taínos, the island was claimed by Christopher Columbus for Spain during his second voyage to the Americas on November 19, 1493. Under Spanish rule, the island was colonized and the indigenous population was forced into slavery and wiped out due to, among other things, European infectious diseases. Spain possessed Puerto Rico for over 400 years, despite attempts at capture of the island by the French, Dutch, and British. In 1898, Spain ceded the archipelago, as well as the Philippines, to the United States as a result of its defeat in the Spanish-American War under the terms of the Treaty of Paris of 1898. Since then Puerto Rico has remained under United States rule.

In 1917, Puerto Ricans were granted U.S. citizenship and since 1948 have elected their own governor. In 1952 the Constitution of Puerto Rico was adopted and ratified by the electorate. A democratically elected bicameral legislature is in place but the United States Congress legislates many fundamental aspects of Puerto Rican life. The islanders may not vote in U.S. presidential elections because the territory is not a state. Official languages of the island are Spanish and English, with Spanish being the primary language.

The island’s current political status, including the possibility of statehood or independence, is widely debated in Puerto Rico. In November 2012, a non-binding referendum resulted in fifty-four percent of respondents voting to reject the current status under the territorial clause of the U.S. Constitution. Among respondents to a second question about alternatives, sixty-one percent voted for statehood as the preferred alternative to the current territorial status. In December 2012, President Barack Obama said that the majority has spoken in favor of statehood and urged Congress to take action.

Source: Wikipedia

News, tips, features, videos and facts on the world and travel. Need some travel help? Take a look around and if it's not there feel free to email or tweet us! @InformedXplorer

FEATURED

Features

10 Road Trips in Eastern Europe

Road trips are a great way to see a place without spending a whole lot of cash! One of the places you should be heading to is Eastern Europe – with it's spectacular landscapes, rich history and sheer cultural variety, you'll be spoilt for choice. Our top ten road trips…

0
Sport

5 Must-See Sporting Events before you die

Nothing beats the thrill of watching live sports in a venue packed with screaming fans. The following list covers five major sports events that must be seen in a lifetime. FIFA World Cup   So this year's World Cup may be over, but fear not... There's more! Football (soccer) is by far…

0
Nepal

Trekking Nepal - an adventure guide to the perfect hike

You can hike all over the world, but there is no place like trekking Nepal. This is the land where you can trek through the highest mountains on earth, the Himalayas. The apeaks are legendary and the scenery is unparalleled. For an adventure of a lifetime, here are some of…

0
world cup

12 Essential Phrases for Brazil World Cup 2014

So your team have made the World Cup in Brazil 2014. Everything is ready, game tickets are bought, hotel and flights are booked… but have you been studying your Portuguese? You’re probably too busy buying sandals and looking forward to your tan – so I’ve taken care of that for…

0

Features

10 Road Trips in Eastern Europe

Road trips are a great way to see a place without spending a whole lot…

5 Must-See Sporting Events before you die

Nothing beats the thrill of watching live sports in a venue packed with screaming fans.…

Trekking Nepal - an adventure guide to…

You can hike all over the world, but there is no place like trekking Nepal.…

Do 'volunteer charity camps' do any good?

Do ‘volunteer camps’ actually do any good? Last year whilst travelling around Asia, my girlfriend and…

Exploring South Africa's countryside

Sophisticated travelers are always looking for authentic experiences, not just the standard tourist fare. In…

Undiscovered Thailand

Images of neon-lit shopping malls, skyscrapers, and great nightlife come to mind when we think…

Travel tips

Explore Australia by road

This is a guest post from Mick from Campervan rental in Australia In the present day, tourism truly plays a very significant…

12 Essential Phrases for Brazil World Cup 2014

So your team have made the World Cup in Brazil 2014. Everything is ready, game tickets are bought, hotel and…

Log In or Create an account