Population: 5,164 (est.)
Capital: Plymouth (de jure), Brades (de facto)
- The East Caribbean dollar is the official currency of Montserrat.
- Montserrat is predominately Christian with a range of sects across the island.
- The first recorded name for Montserrat was “Alliouagana” given by the Carib people. It is thought that the name was derived from a prickly bush growing on the island.
- Columbus named Montserrat after a monastery near Barcelona in Spain (1493).
- The British colonized the island of Montserrat in 1632.
- The economy of Montserrat was severely disrupted by volcanic activity which began in July 1995 and has failed to properly rebuild since.
- The highest point in Montserrat is Chances Peak (914 m) in the Soufriere Hills volcanic complex.
Montserrat is a Caribbean island that is a British overseas territory. It is located in the Leeward Islands, part of the chain of islands known as the Lesser Antilles, in the West Indies. The island of Montserrat measures approximately 16 km (9.9 mi) long and 11 km (6.8 mi) wide, with approximately 40 kilometres (25 mi) of coastline. Montserrat is nicknamed The Emerald Isle of the Caribbean both for its resemblance to coastal Ireland and for the Irish ancestry of some of its inhabitants.
On July 18, 1995, the previously dormant Soufrière Hills volcano became active. Eruptions destroyed Montserrat’s Georgian era capital city of Plymouth and two-thirds of the island’s population was forced to flee. The volcanic activity continues to the present, the affected areas currently being mostly in the vicinity of Plymouth, including its docking facilities, and also on the eastern side of the island in the area around the former W. H. Bramble Airport, the remnants of which were buried by flows from volcanic activity on February 11, 2010.
An “exclusion zone” extending from the south coast of the island north to parts of the Belham Valley has been imposed because of the size of the existing volcanic dome and the resulting potential for pyroclastic activity. Visitors are generally not permitted entry into the exclusion zone, but an impressive view of the destruction of Plymouth can be seen from the top of Garibaldi Hill in Isles Bay. Relatively quiet since early 2010, the volcano continues to be closely monitored by the Montserrat Volcano Observatory.
A new town and port is being developed at Little Bay in the northwest of the island. While construction proceeds, the centre of government rests at Brades.