Log In

Cuba

Cuba

Flag_of_Cuba.svg
Pin it

Population: 11,163,934 (est.)

Language(s):  Spanish

Capital: Havana

Interesting Facts:

  • The Cuban peso and the Cuban convertible peso are the official currencies of Cuba.
  • Cuba is officially a secular state, but Catholicism is the predominant religion with up to 60% of the country being followers.
  • Many Cubans also folly religions of largely African cultural origins.
  • In general (with local variations), there is a drier season from November to April, and a rainier season from May to October. The average temperature is 21 °C (69.8 °F) in January and 27 °C (80.6 °F) in July.
  • The Cubans refer to their island as ‘El Cocodrilo’ – viewed from above Cuba is said to resemble a crocodile.
  • Cuba comprises the Island of Cuba, the Isle of Youth and some adjacent small islands.
  • Cuba is the most populated country in the whole of the Caribbean.
  • The US tried to invade Cuba multiple times from Florida. In 1848, they gave up and offered Spain $100 million dollars for Cuba, but the offer was rejected.
  • Cuba is only 90 miles away from America.
  • Foreign travel used to be extremely difficult for Cubans, but as of the end of 2012 Cuba opened its exit doors wider than at any time in 50 years following migration reforms making it easier both to leave and enter the country.
  • It is thought people in Cuba have a slightly higher life expectancy that people in the United States.
  • Cuba has the highest doctor-to-population ratio of any country in the world.
  • Cuba is famous around the world for making top quality cigars.

Cuba, officially the Republic of Cuba, is an island country in the Caribbean. The nation of Cuba consists of the main island of Cuba, as well as the Isla de la Juventud and several archipelagos. Havana is the largest city in Cuba and the country’s capital. Santiago de Cuba is the second largest city. To the north of Cuba lies the United States (150 km or 90 mi away) and the Bahamas, Mexico is to the west, the Cayman Islands and Jamaica are to the south, and Haiti and the Dominican Republic are to the southeast.

In 1492, Christopher Columbus landed on and claimed the island now occupied by Cuba, for the Kingdom of Spain. Cuba remained a territory of Spain until the SpanishAmerican War ended in 1898, and gained formal independence from the U.S. in 1902. A fragile democracy, increasingly dominated by radical politics eventually evolved, solidified by the Cuban Constitution of 1940, but was quashed in 1952 by former president Fulgencio Batista, who intensified and catalyzed already rampant corruption, political repression and crippling economic regulations. Batista was ousted in January 1959 by the July 26 movement, and a new administration under Fidel Castro established, which had by 1965 evolved into a single-party state under the revived Communist Party of Cuba, which holds power to date.

Cuba is home to over 11 million people and is the most populous island nation in the Caribbean, as well as the largest by area. However, the population density is lower than in most Caribbean countries. Its people, culture, and customs draw from diverse sources, such as the aboriginal Taíno and Ciboney peoples, the period of Spanish colonialism, the introduction of African slaves and its proximity to the United States.

Cuba has a 99.8% literacy rate, an infant death rate lower than some developed countries, and an average life expectancy at birth of 78 years. In 2006, Cuba was the only nation in the world which met the WWF’s definition of sustainable development; having an ecological footprint of less than 1.8 hectares per capita and a Human Development Index of over 0.8 for 2007.

Source: Wikipedia

News, tips, features, videos and facts on the world and travel. Need some travel help? Take a look around and if it's not there feel free to email or tweet us! @InformedXplorer

FEATURED

Sport

5 Must-See Sporting Events before you die

Nothing beats the thrill of watching live sports in a venue packed with screaming fans. The following list covers five major sports events that must be seen in a lifetime. FIFA World Cup   So this year's World Cup may be over, but fear not... There's more! Football (soccer) is by far…

0
Nepal

Trekking Nepal - an adventure guide to the perfect hike

You can hike all over the world, but there is no place like trekking Nepal. This is the land where you can trek through the highest mountains on earth, the Himalayas. The apeaks are legendary and the scenery is unparalleled. For an adventure of a lifetime, here are some of…

0
world cup

12 Essential Phrases for Brazil World Cup 2014

So your team have made the World Cup in Brazil 2014. Everything is ready, game tickets are bought, hotel and flights are booked… but have you been studying your Portuguese? You’re probably too busy buying sandals and looking forward to your tan – so I’ve taken care of that for…

0
Gap year

Do 'volunteer charity camps' do any good?

Do ‘volunteer camps’ actually do any good? Last year whilst travelling around Asia, my girlfriend and I stopped for a week in an Elephant Nature Reserve in Northern Thailand. After paying money to be there, we then ‘worked’ on the land to help the elephants, clearing their fields, building new huts…

0

Features

5 Must-See Sporting Events before you die

Nothing beats the thrill of watching live sports in a venue packed with screaming fans.…

Trekking Nepal - an adventure guide to…

You can hike all over the world, but there is no place like trekking Nepal.…

Do 'volunteer charity camps' do any good?

Do ‘volunteer camps’ actually do any good? Last year whilst travelling around Asia, my girlfriend and…

Exploring South Africa's countryside

Sophisticated travelers are always looking for authentic experiences, not just the standard tourist fare. In…

Undiscovered Thailand

Images of neon-lit shopping malls, skyscrapers, and great nightlife come to mind when we think…

Into the wild with an African Safari

Jump into the unknown with an exciting African safari where you can get up close…

Travel tips

Explore Australia by road

This is a guest post from Mick from Campervan rental in Australia In the present day, tourism truly plays a very significant…

12 Essential Phrases for Brazil World Cup 2014

So your team have made the World Cup in Brazil 2014. Everything is ready, game tickets are bought, hotel and…

Log In or Create an account