Population: 39,169,962 (est.)
List of countries:
The Caribbean is a region that consists of the Caribbean Sea, its islands (most of which are enclosed by the sea), and the surrounding coasts. The region is southeast of the Gulf of Mexico and North America, east of Central America, and north of South America.
Situated largely on the Caribbean Plate, the region comprises more than 7,000 islands, islets, reefs, and cays. These islands generally form island arcs that delineate the eastern and northern edges of the Caribbean Sea. The Caribbean islands are part of the somewhat larger West Indies grouping, which consists of the Greater Antilles on the north, the Lesser Antilles on the south and east (including the Leeward Antilles), the Bahamas and the Turks and Caicos Islands (the Lucayan Archipelago, which does not border the Caribbean Sea)—and countries such as Belize in Central America and Guyana in South America, which are historically and culturally part of the British West Indies.
Geopolitically, the Caribbean islands are usually regarded as a subregion of North America and are organized into 30 territories including sovereign states, overseas departments, and dependencies. From January 3, 1958, to May 31, 1962, there was a short-lived country called the Federation of the West Indies composed of ten English-speaking Caribbean territories, all of which were then UK dependencies. The West Indies cricket team continues to represent many of those nations.
List of Languages:
- English in Anguilla (UK), Antigua and Barbuda, Bahamas, Barbados, British Virgin Islands (UK), Cayman Islands (UK), Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Grenada, Jamaica, Montserrat (UK), Trinidad and Tobago, Turks and Caicos Islands (UK), Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, United States Virgin Islands.
- Spanish in Cuba, Dominican Republic, Puerto Rico (US).
- French in Haiti, Guadeloupe (France), Martinique (France).
- Dutch in Aruba (the Netherlands).