Population: 7,616,000 (est.)
Language(s): Tajik (Persian), Russian
- The Tajikistani somoni is the official currency of Tajikistan.
- Sunni Islam of the Hanafi school has been officially recognized by the government since 2009.
- The population of Tajikistan is around 98% Muslim, (approximately 95% Sunni and 3% Shia). The remaining 2% of the population are followers of Russian Orthodoxy, a variety of Protestant denominations, Catholicism, Zoroastrianism and Buddhism.
- Tajikistan considers itself a secular state with a Constitution providing for freedom of religion.
- Tajikistan follows a system of Unitary Presidential Republic.
- Tajikistan was initially a part of the Samanid Empire, but was created as an Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic, within Uzbekistan, in 1924.
- Tajikistan was separated from Uzbekistan in 1929 and became a Soviet Socialist Republic.
- Tajikistan became an independent nation in 1991, after the dissolution of USSR.
- Tajikistan suffered from a devastating civil war in the late 20th century, which lasted from 1992 to 1997.
- The terms ‘Tajikistan’ literally means ‘Land of the Tajiks’.
- Tajikistan is amongst the smallest nations in Central Asia, in terms of area.
- Over ninety percent of the area in Tajikistan is mountainous.
- Aluminum, zinc, lead, chemicals and fertilizers make up the major industries of Tajikistan.
Tajikistan, officially the Republic of Tajikistan, is a mountainous landlocked country in Central Asia. It borders Afghanistan to the south, Uzbekistan to the west, Kyrgyzstan to the north, and China to the east. Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and Gilgit Baltistan in Pakistan are separated from Tajikistan by the narrow Wakhan Corridor.
Most of Tajikistan’s population belongs to the Persian-speaking Tajik ethnic group, who share language, culture and history with Afghanistan and Iran. Once part of the Samanid Empire, Tajikistan became a constituent republic of the Soviet Union in the 20th century, known as the Tajik Soviet Socialist Republic (Tajik SSR). Mountains cover over 90% of this Central Asian republic.
After independence, Tajikistan suffered from a devastating civil war which lasted from 1992 to 1997. Since the end of the war, newly established political stability and foreign aid have allowed the country’s economy to grow. Trade in commodities such as cotton, aluminium and uranium has contributed greatly to this steady improvement.