Population: 237,424,363 (est.) (4th)
- The Indonesian rupiah is the official currency of Indonesia.
- While religious freedom is stipulated in the Indonesian constitution,the government officially recognizes only six religions: Islam, Protestantism, Roman Catholicism, Hinduism, Buddhism, and Confucianism.
- Although it is not an Islamic state, Indonesia is the world’s most populous Muslim-majority nation, with 87.2% of Indonesians being Muslim.
- Around 9% of the population are Christian, 3% Hindu, and 2% Buddhist or other.
- Indonesia is the world’s fourth most populous country.
- Indonesia is a republic, with an elected legislature and president.
- The biggest island in Indonesia is Sumatra, which is a part of the Greater Sunda Islands.
- Of the ten largest islands in the world, three are located in Indonesia.
- Indonesia is counted amongst the largest producers of nutmeg in the world.
- The local name of Indonesia is ‘Tanah Air Kita’, which means Our Land and Water.
- The national motto of Indonesia is ‘Unity in Diversity’.
- Indonesia boasts of thousands of islands, out of which around six thousand are inhabited.
- Despite being well endowed with natural resources, most of the country’s population lives below poverty line.
- Indonesia is the largest economy in Southeast Asia and is one of the emerging market economies of the world.
Indonesia, officially the Republic of Indonesia, is a country in Southeast Asia and Oceania. Indonesia is an archipelago comprising approximately 17,508 islands.It has 34 provinces with over 238 million people, and is the world’s fourth most populous country. Indonesia is a republic, with an elected legislature and president. The nation’s capital city is Jakarta. The country shares land borders with Papua New Guinea, East Timor, and Malaysia. Other neighboring countries include Singapore, Philippines, Australia, Palau, and the Indian territory of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. Indonesia is a founding member of ASEAN and a member of the G-20 major economies. The Indonesian economy is the world’s sixteenth largest by nominal GDP and fifteenth largest by purchasing power parity.
The Indonesian archipelago has been an important trade region since at least the 7th century, when Srivijaya and then later Majapahit traded with China and India. Local rulers gradually absorbed foreign cultural, religious and political models from the early centuries CE, and Hindu and Buddhist kingdoms flourished. Indonesian history has been influenced by foreign powers drawn to its natural resources. Muslim traders brought Islam, and European powers brought Christianity and fought one another to monopolize trade in the Spice Islands of Maluku during the Age of Discovery. Following three and a half centuries of Dutch colonialism, Indonesia secured its independence after World War II. Indonesia’s history has since been turbulent, with challenges posed by natural disasters, corruption, separatism, a democratization process, and periods of rapid economic change.
Across its many islands, Indonesia consists of hundreds of distinct native ethnic and linguistic groups. The largest—and politically dominant—ethnic group are the Javanese. A shared identity has developed, defined by a national language, ethnic diversity, religious pluralism within a majority Muslim population, and a history of colonialism and rebellion against it. Indonesia’s national motto, “Bhinneka Tunggal Ika” (“Unity in Diversity” literally, “many, yet one”), articulates the diversity that shapes the country. Despite its large population and densely populated regions, Indonesia has vast areas of wilderness that support the world’s second highest level of biodiversity. The country has abundant natural resources, yet poverty remains widespread.