Population: 12,619,600 (est.)
Language(s): English (South African), Shona, Sindebele
- Zimbabwe accepts a number of currencies, including the UK £, South African rand, the Euro,Botswana pula and the US$.
- Zimbabwe is a Christian majority country. About 85% of Zimbabweans are Christian; 62% of the population attends religious services regularly.
- The largest Christian churches are Anglican, Roman Catholic, Seventh-day Adventist and Methodist.
- The climate is tropical. There is a dry season, including a short cool season during the period May to September when the whole country has very little rain.
- The rainy season is typically a time of heavy rainfall from November to March.
- The economy of Zimbabwe has shrunk significantly after 2000, resulting in a desperate situation for the country and widespread poverty from among others 80% unemployment.
- Historically the country had farming and tourism as some of its main industries.
- The name Zimbabwe has been derived from “Dzimba dza mabwe”, which means “great houses of stone”, in the Shona language.
- The country is home to some of the largest diamond and platinum reserves in the world.
- Football is the most popular of sports in the country, along with rugby union and cricket.
- Zimbabwe’s adult literacy rate is approximately 90%, which is amongst the highest in Africa.
Zimbabwe, officially the Republic of Zimbabwe, is a landlocked country located in Southern Africa, between the Zambezi and Limpopo rivers. It is bordered by South Africa to the south, Botswana to the southwest, Zambia to the northwest and Mozambique to the east. The capital is Harare. Zimbabwe achieved recognised independence from Britain in April 1980, following a 14-year period as an unrecognised state under the predominantly white government of Rhodesia, which unilaterally declared independence in 1965. Rhodesia briefly reconstituted itself as black-ruled Zimbabwe Rhodesia in 1979, but this order failed to gain international acceptance.
Zimbabwe has three official languages: English, Shona and Sindebele. The country today equivalent to Zimbabwe was first demarcated during the 1890s, by the British South Africa Company, which administered it until it became the self-governing colony of Southern Rhodesia in 1923. President Robert Mugabe is the head of State and Commander in Chief of the armed forces. Morgan Tsvangirai is the Prime Minister. Mugabe has been in power since the country’s internationally recognised independence in 1980.