Population: 30,894,000 (est.)
Language(s): Arabic, English
- The Sudanese pound is the official currency of Sudan.
- 97% of the population adheres to Islam. The Sudanese Muslims are entirely adherents to Sunni branch.
- A girl born in southern Sudan has a better chance of dying during pregnancy or childbirth than of completing primary school.
- Sudan celebrated its independence from British rule on January 1, 1956.
- Following a referendum held in January 2011, South Sudan seceded on 9 July 2011 with the consent of Sudan.
- Sudan used to be the largest country in Africa (area wise), before the country split in two.
- The White and Blue Nile rivers run through Sudan, they Merge at Khartoum and become the Nile River before flowing into Egypt.
- The southern part of Sudan becomes waterlogged in the rainy season making transportation difficult.
- The word “Khartoum” means elephant trunk, referring to the large bend in the Nile River that it makes as if flows north from the city.
- There are a large number of old Egyptian ruins and pyramids in Sudan, as the area once formed part of the Egyptian realm.
- North Sudan is governed according to Islamic Sharia law, South Sudan has a predominantly Christian and tribal government
Sudan (Arabic: ????????), officially the Republic of the Sudan (Arabic: ??????? ????????, Jumh?r?yat as-S?d?n) and sometimes called North Sudan, is an Arab state in North Africa bordered by Egypt to the north, the Red Sea to the northeast, Eritrea and Ethiopia to the east, South Sudan to the south, the Central African Republic to the southwest, Chad to the west and Libya to the northwest. Internally, the Nile divides the country into eastern and western halves. The population of Sudan is a combination of indigenous inhabitants of the Nile Valley and descendants of migrants from the Arabian Peninsula. Arabisation has made Arab culture the norm and the overwhelming majority of the population today adheres to Islam. As a consequence, Sudan is also often considered to be part of the Middle East.
The people of Sudan have a long history extending from antiquity which is intertwined with the history of Egypt. Sudan suffered seventeen years of civil war during the First Sudanese Civil War (1955–1972) followed by ethnic, religious and economic conflicts between the Muslim Arabs of Northern Sudan and the mostly animist and Christian Nilotes of Southern Sudan. This led to the Second Sudanese Civil War in 1983. Because of continuing political and military struggles, Sudan was seized in a bloodless coup d’état by colonel Omar al-Bashir in 1989, who thereafter proclaimed himself President of Sudan. The civil war ended with the signing of a Comprehensive Peace Agreement which granted autonomy to what was then the southern region of the country. Following a referendum held in January 2011, South Sudan seceded on 9 July 2011 with the consent of Sudan.
A member of the United Nations, Sudan also maintains membership with the African Union, the Arab League, the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation, and the Non-Aligned Movement, as well as serving as an observer in the World Trade Organization.Its capital is Khartoum, which serves as the political, cultural and commercial centre of the nation. Officially a federal presidential representative democratic republic, the politics of Sudan are widely considered by the international community to take place within an authoritarian system due to the control of the National Congress Party (NCP) of the judiciary, executive and legislative branches of government.