Population: 183,176 (est.)
Capital: São Tomé
- The São Tomé and Príncipe dobra is the official currency of São Tomé and Príncipe.
- São Tomé and Príncipe is primarily a Christian country. The majority belonging to the Catholic Church (71.9%), and further adherents being other Christian (10.2%), and other or non Religious (17.9%).
- São Tomé and Príncipe is the second-smallest African country when it comes to population.
- It is the smallest Portuguese-speaking country in the world.
- The country gained independence on the 12th of July 1975 from Portugal.
- Sao Tome and Principe has a tropical hot and humid climate with an average yearly temperature of about 27° C. The temperature of this island nation barely rises above 32° C.
- Sao Tome became one of the first African countries to adopt democratic reforms and changes to its constitution.
- The economy of São Tomé and Príncipe, while traditionally dependent on cocoa, is experiencing considerable changes due to investment in the development of its oil industry its territorial waters in the oil-rich waters of the Gulf of Guinea.
- At sea level, the climate is tropical—hot and humid with average yearly temperatures of about 27 °C (80.6 °F) and little daily variation. The rainy season runs from October to May.
São Tomé and Príncipe, officially the Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe, is a Portuguese-speaking island nation in the Gulf of Guinea, off the western equatorial coast of Central Africa. It consists of two archipelagos around the two main islands: São Tomé and Príncipe, located about 140 kilometres (87 mi) apart and about 250 and 225 kilometres (155 and 140 mi), respectively, off the northwestern coast of Gabon. Both islands are part of an extinct volcanic mountain range. São Tomé, the sizable southern island, is situated just north of the equator. It was named in honour of Saint Thomas by Portuguese explorers who arrived at the island on his feast day.