Log In

Niger

Niger

Flag_of_Niger.svg
Pin it

Population: 16,274,738 (est.)

Language(s): French

Capital: Niamey

Interesting Facts:

  • The West African CFA franc is the official currency of Niger.
  • Islam, spread from North Africa beginning in the 10th century, has greatly shaped the mores of the people of Niger. Between 80 to more than 98 percent of the population is Muslim, with small Animist and Christian communities.
  • Niger is the biggest country in West Africa in terms of land mass.
  •  The name Niger is derived from the phrase gher n-gheren which means “river among rivers,” in the Tamashek language.
  • Niger is one of the poorest countries in the world.
  • Niger has one of the lowest Human Development Indexes on Earth.
  • The country of Niger is one of the hottest countries in the world.
  • Slavery was declared illegal in Niger in May 2004.

Niger, officially the Republic of Niger, is a landlocked country in Western Africa, named after the Niger River. It borders Nigeria and Benin to the south, Burkina Faso and Mali to the west, Algeria and Libya to the north and Chad to the east. Niger covers a land area of almost 1,270,000 km2, making it the largest nation in West Africa, with over 80 percent of its land area covered by the Sahara desert. The country’s predominantly Islamic population of just above 15,000,000 is mostly clustered in the far south and west of the nation. The capital city is Niamey, located in the far-southwest corner of Niger.

Niger is a developing country, and consistently ranks as one of the lowest ranks of the United Nations’ Human Development Index (HDI), 186th of 187 countries in 2011. Much of the non-desert portions of the country are threatened by periodic drought and desertification. The economy is concentrated around subsistence and some export agriculture clustered in the more fertile south, and the export of raw materials, especially uranium ore. Niger remains handicapped by its landlocked position, desert terrain, poor education and poverty of its people, lack of infrastructure, poor health care, and environmental degradation.

Nigerien society reflects a diversity drawn from the long independent histories of its several ethnic groups and regions and their relatively short period living in a single state. Historically, what is now Niger has been on the fringes of several large states. Since independence, Nigeriens have lived under five constitutions and three periods of military rule. Following a military coup in 2010, Niger has become a democratic, multi-party state. A majority live in rural areas, and have little access to advanced education.

Source: Wikipedia

News, tips, features, videos and facts on the world and travel. Need some travel help? Take a look around and if it's not there feel free to email or tweet us! @InformedXplorer

FEATURED

Sport

5 Must-See Sporting Events before you die

Nothing beats the thrill of watching live sports in a venue packed with screaming fans. The following list covers five major sports events that must be seen in a lifetime. FIFA World Cup   So this year's World Cup may be over, but fear not... There's more! Football (soccer) is by far…

0
Nepal

Trekking Nepal - an adventure guide to the perfect hike

You can hike all over the world, but there is no place like trekking Nepal. This is the land where you can trek through the highest mountains on earth, the Himalayas. The apeaks are legendary and the scenery is unparalleled. For an adventure of a lifetime, here are some of…

0
world cup

12 Essential Phrases for Brazil World Cup 2014

So your team have made the World Cup in Brazil 2014. Everything is ready, game tickets are bought, hotel and flights are booked… but have you been studying your Portuguese? You’re probably too busy buying sandals and looking forward to your tan – so I’ve taken care of that for…

0
Gap year

Do 'volunteer charity camps' do any good?

Do ‘volunteer camps’ actually do any good? Last year whilst travelling around Asia, my girlfriend and I stopped for a week in an Elephant Nature Reserve in Northern Thailand. After paying money to be there, we then ‘worked’ on the land to help the elephants, clearing their fields, building new huts…

0

Features

5 Must-See Sporting Events before you die

Nothing beats the thrill of watching live sports in a venue packed with screaming fans.…

Trekking Nepal - an adventure guide to…

You can hike all over the world, but there is no place like trekking Nepal.…

Do 'volunteer charity camps' do any good?

Do ‘volunteer camps’ actually do any good? Last year whilst travelling around Asia, my girlfriend and…

Exploring South Africa's countryside

Sophisticated travelers are always looking for authentic experiences, not just the standard tourist fare. In…

Undiscovered Thailand

Images of neon-lit shopping malls, skyscrapers, and great nightlife come to mind when we think…

Into the wild with an African Safari

Jump into the unknown with an exciting African safari where you can get up close…

Travel tips

Explore Australia by road

This is a guest post from Mick from Campervan rental in Australia In the present day, tourism truly plays a very significant…

12 Essential Phrases for Brazil World Cup 2014

So your team have made the World Cup in Brazil 2014. Everything is ready, game tickets are bought, hotel and…

Log In or Create an account