Population: 1,291,456 (est.)
Language(s): Mauritian Creole, French, English
Capital: Port Louis
- The Mauritian rupee is the official currency of Mauritius.
- Hinduism is the main religion in Mauritius. The religious make-up of the island is as follows: Hindu 48%, Roman Catholic 23.6%, Muslim 16.6%, other Christian 8.6%, other 2.5%, unspecified 0.3%, none 0.4%.
- Literacy on the island is around 90.9% for men and 86.2% women.
- Since independence in 1968, Mauritius has developed from a low-income, agriculturally based economy to a middle-income diversified economy with growing industrial, financial, and tourist sectors.
- The economy rests on sugar, tourism, textiles and apparel, and financial services, and is expanding into fish processing, information and communications technology, and hospitality and property development.
- The island of Mauritius was the only home of the Dodo bird.
- Mauritius is highly ranked for democracy, economic and political freedom.
- The Mauritian climate is tropical, and warm with a dry winter from May to November and a hot, wet, humid summer from November to May.
- Though many Mauritians look similar to Indians and wear Indian attire, they do not speak the language. The language spoken by many of the Mauritian people is a form of broken French known as ‘Creole’.
- Mauritius is the most densely populated country in Africa and the 17th densely populated country in the world.
Mauritius, officially the Republic of Mauritius is an island nation in the Indian Ocean about 2,000 kilometres (1,200 mi) off the south east coast of the African continent. The country includes the islands of Agaléga, Saint Brandon and Rodrigues. Mauritius forms part of the Mascarene Islands, which include the neighbouring islands of Réunion, Saint Brandon and Rodrigues. The area of the country is 2040 km2, its capital is Port Louis.
The first Portuguese explorers found no indigenous people living on the island in 1507. The island of Mauritius was the only home of the Dodo bird. The bird became extinct fewer than eighty years after its discovery. The Dutch settled on the island in 1598 and abandoned it in 1710, Mauritius became a French colony in 1715 and was renamed Isle de France. The British took control of Mauritius in 1810 during the Napoleonic Wars. The country became an independent state as a Commonwealth realm on 12 March 1968 and Republic within the Commonwealth on 12 March 1992.
The country’s populace is composed of several ethnicities, mostly people of Indian, African, Chinese and European descent. Most Mauritians are multilingual, English, French, Creole and Asian languages are used.
The Mauritian Constitution is based on the Westminster model. The head of state is the President but constitutional power is vested in the Prime Minister who is the head of government. Mauritius is highly ranked for democracy, economic and political freedom.