Population: 6,036,914 (est.)
- The Libyan dinar is the official currency of Libya.
- By far the predominant religion in Libya is Islam with 97% of the population associating with the faith.
- Within Libya as many as five different climatic zones have been recognized, but the dominant climatic influences are Mediterranean and Saharan.
- The government control the courts and there is no right to a fair public trial in Libya.
- The Libyan Desert covers most of Libya. It is very arid and, in some places, it only rains once ever 10 or more years.
- Poor soil and hot climatic conditions force Libya to import most of their food.
- Libya has a free education system for everyone.
- There is no railway system in Libya.
- It is illegal to consume alcohol in Libya.
- Libyans drive on the right side of the road.
- Almost one third of the population do not have access to safe drinking water.
- Libya has the highest literacy rate of any country in North Africa (82% of the population can read and write).
Libya is a country in the Maghreb region of North Africa bordered by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, Egypt to the east, Sudan to the southeast, Chad and Niger to the south, and Algeria and Tunisia to the west. With an area of almost 1.8 million square kilometres (700,000 sq mi), Libya is the 17th largest country in the world.
The largest city and capital, Tripoli, is home to 1.7 million of Libya’s 6.4 million people. The three traditional parts of the country are Tripolitania, Fezzan and Cyrenaica. In 2009 Libya had the highest HDI in Africa and the fifth highest GDP (PPP) per capita in Africa, behind Equatorial Guinea, Seychelles, Gabon, and Botswana. Libya has the 10th-largest proven oil reserves of any country in the world and the 17th-highest petroleum production.
A civil war and NATO-led military intervention in 2011 resulted in the ousting and death of the country’s former leader, Muammar Gaddafi, and the collapse of his 42-year “First of September Revolution” and 34-year-old Jamahiriya state. As a result, Libya is currently undergoing political reconstruction, and is governed under an interim constitution drawn up by the National Transitional Council (NTC). Elections to a General National Congress were held on 7 July 2012, and the NTC handed power to the newly elected assembly on 8 August. The assembly has the responsibility of forming a constituent assembly to draft a permanent constitution for Libya, which will then be put to a referendum.