Population: 2,067,000 (est.)
Language(s): English, Sesotho
- The Lesotho loti is the official currency of Lesotho. This can be used interchangeably with the South African Rand.
- Christianity is the predominant religion of Lesotho, with around 80% of the country being adherents. 20% of the country follow indigenous beliefs.
- Small, landlocked, and mountainous, Lesotho relies on remittances from Basotho employed in South Africa, customs duties from the Southern Africa Customs Union (SACU), and export revenue for the majority of government revenue.
- Lesotho has one of the world’s highest rates of HIV-Aids infection. Several campaigns for the locals to get tested have been encouraged.
- Most of the locals resort to farming or mining (in South Africa) as a means of earning their daily living.
- The climate in Lesotho is temperate with cool to cold and dry winters and hot, wet summers.
- Lesotho underwent seven years of military rule after which its constitutional government was restored.
- Dinosaur footprints can be found in many sites in Lesotho. In fact, a dinosaur is named after Lesotho, the ‘Lesothosaurus’.
Lesotho, officially the Kingdom of Lesotho, is a landlocked country and enclave, completely surrounded by its only neighbouring country, the Republic of South Africa. It is just over 30,000 km2 (11,583 sq mi) in size with a population of approximately 2,067,000. Its capital and largest city is Maseru. Lesotho is a member of the Commonwealth of Nations. The name Lesotho translates roughly into the land of the people who speak Sesotho. About 40% of the population live below the international poverty line of US $1.25 a day.