Population: 20,617,068 (est.)
- The West African CFA franc is the official currency of the Ivory Coast.
- Religion in Ivory Coast remains very heterogeneous, with Islam (almost all Sunni Muslims) and Christianity (mostly Roman Catholic) being the major religions.
- Ivory Coast experiences three main seasons, warm and dry weather from November to March, hot and dry from March to May, and hot and wet from June to October.
- The country was the first black Republic and non-English speaking country to win an Academy Award. The Oscar going to the country’s film, ‘Black and White in Color’, winning the Award for ‘Best Foreign-Language Film’.
- Ivory Coast was known as Ivory Coast only until October 1985. The country is now officially known as ‘The Republic of Cote d’Ivoire’.
- Ivory Coast is home to more than 60 ethnic groups, but comparatively has still been a very peaceful country.
- More than 70% of the nation’s population depends on the success of its agriculture and tourism industries.
- Ivory Coast is one amongst the top Cocoa producing countries of the world. In recent times, palm oil and bananas too have managed to graduate into important revenue earning crops.
Ivory Coast, officially the Republic of Côte d’Ivoire, is a country in West Africa. It has an area of 322,462 square kilometres (124,503 sq mi), and borders the countries Liberia, Guinea, Mali, Burkina Faso, and Ghana; its southern boundary is along the Gulf of Guinea. The country’s population was 15,366,672 in 1998and was estimated to be 20,617,068 in 2009. Ivory Coast’s first national census in 1975 counted 6.7 million inhabitants.
Prior to its colonization by Europeans, Ivory Coast was home to several states, including Gyaaman, the Kong Empire, and Baoulé. There were two Anyi kingdoms, Indénié and Sanwi, which attempted to retain their separate identity through the French colonial period and after independence. An 1843–1844 treaty made Ivory Coast a protectorate of France and in 1893, it became a French colony as part of the European scramble for Africa. Ivory Coast became independent on 7 August 1960. From 1960 to 1993, the country was led by Félix Houphouët-Boigny. It maintained close political and economic association with its West African neighbours, while at the same time maintaining close ties to the West, especially to France. Since the end of Houphouët-Boigny’s rule, Ivory Coast has experienced one coup d’état, in 1999, and a civil war, which broke out in 2002. A political agreement between the government and the rebels brought a return to peace.
Ivory Coast is a republic with a strong executive power invested in the President. Its de jure capital is Yamoussoukro and the biggest city is the port city of Abidjan. The country is divided into 19 regions and 81 departments. It is a member of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation, African Union, La Francophonie, Latin Union, Economic Community of West African States and South Atlantic Peace and Cooperation Zone. Through production of coffee and cocoa, the country was an economic powerhouse during the 1960s and 1970s in West Africa. However, Ivory Coast went through an economic crisis in the 1980s, leading to the country’s period of political and social turmoil. The 21st century Ivoirian economy is largely market-based and relies heavily on agriculture, with smallholder cash crop production being dominant.
The official language is French, although many of the local languages are widely used, including Baoulé, Dioula, Dan, Anyin and Cebaara Senufo. The main religions are Islam, Christianity (primarily Roman Catholic) and various indigenous religions.