Log In

Eritrea

Eritrea

Flag_of_Eritrea.svg
Pin it

Population: 6,086,495 (est.)

Language(s): Tigrinya, Arabic, English

Capital: Asmara

Interesting Facts:

  • The Eritrean nakfa is the official currency Eritrea.
  • Eritrea has two dominant religions, Christianity and Islam. Various approximations have estimated that 60% are Christians (mostly followers of Orthodox Christianity) and 40% of the population is Sunni Muslim.
  • Eritrea has an extensive amount of resources such as copper, gold, granite, marble, and potash.
  • Eritrea’s GDP grew by 8.7 percent making it one of the fastest growing economies in the world.
  • Worker remittances from abroad are estimated to account for 32 percent of gross domestic product.
  • Eritrea has a hot, dry desert strip along the Red Sea coast and is cooler and wetter in the central highlands. Rainfall is heaviest during June–September except in the coastal desert.
  • At the national level, there is no official language of Eritrea.
  • Eritrea has a ‘Transitional government’.
  • Eritrea’s constitution, adopted in 1997, made the country a presidential republic, with a unicameral parliamentary democracy.

Eritrea, officially the State of Eritrea, is a country in the Horn of Africa. Eritrea is the Italian form of the Greek name ???????? (Erythraí??), meaning “red [land]“. With its capital at Asmara, it is bordered by Sudan in the west, Ethiopia in the south, and Djibouti in the southeast. The northeastern and eastern parts of Eritrea have an extensive coastline along the Red Sea, directly across from Saudi Arabia and Yemen. The nation has a total area of approximately 117,600 km2 (45,406 sq mi), and includes the Dahlak Archipelago and several of the Hanish Islands.

Eritrea is a multi-ethnic country, with nine recognized ethnic groups. It has a population of around six million inhabitants. Most residents speak Afro-Asiatic languages, either of the Semitic or Cushitic branches. Among these communities, the Tigrinya make up about 55% of the population, with the Tigre constituting around 30% of inhabitants. In addition, there are a number of Nilo-Saharan-speaking Nilotic ethnic minorities. Most people in the territory adhere to Christianity and Islam.

The Kingdom of Aksum, covering much of modern-day Eritrea and northern Ethiopia, rose somewhere around the first or second centuries and adopted Christianity shortly after its formation. In medieval times much of Eritrea fell under the Medri Bahri Kingdom, with part being part of the Hamasien Republic. The creation of modern day Eritrea is a result of the incorporation of independent Kingdoms and various vassal states of the Ethiopian empire and the Ottoman Empire, eventually resulting in the formation of Italian Eritrea. In 1947 Eritrea became part of a federation with Ethiopia, the Federation of Ethiopia and Eritrea. Subsequent annexation by Ethiopia led to the Eritrean War of Independence, ending with Eritrean independence in 1991.

Eritrea is a member of the African Union, the United Nations and IGAD, and is an observer in the Arab League.

Source: Wikipedia

News, tips, features, videos and facts on the world and travel. Need some travel help? Take a look around and if it's not there feel free to email or tweet us! @InformedXplorer

FEATURED

Travel Tips

5 places to spend your study abroad year

Studying abroad for a year after college or university is a great way of travelling, seeing the world and meeting new people. It is a once in a lifetime opportunity, when you have nothing to hold you back (except for maybe a lack of money!). But I always found myself…

0
Travel Tips

Top spring locations 2014

As bright Spring blooms in the northern hemisphere and shiny autumn showcases in the south, it is a perfect time to get out and explore the world. Take a trip outside, tour a different country, walk, hike go on a scenic drive. But where to go? Choosing your next adventure…

0
Photography

A trip through the Maasai Mara National Reserve

Male Lion I have been a big fan of wildlife photography for a long time. Photographer Martin Dunn does an amazing job capturing the animals in their natural setting, and offers some great tips if you're looking to do the same. With over 30 years of experience taking pictures of the…

0
Spain

Things to see in Costa Brava in 2014

Spain as a whole is a very popular destination for holiday goers. But as there are simply so many places to choose from, here's a suggestion: Costa Brava. It’s filled to the brim with beautiful scenic places, and it has its fair share of fantastically interesting attractions. Read below to…

1

Features

A trip through the Maasai Mara National…

Male Lion I have been a big fan of wildlife photography for a long time. Photographer…

5 things no one tells you about…

1. YOU CAN BUY EVERYTHING OUT THERE - You see all that expensive equipment and gear…

One day in: Venice (INFOGRAPHIC)

Where to go if you have one day in Venice. See the best of the…

It's time to visit Palestine

So, I've just returned from a fascinating trip to Israel and Palestine - honestly one…

One day in: Ho Chi Minh City

Top class food to trendy nightclubs and beautiful scenery - Ho Chi Minh City has…

Exploring Tenerife's wild side

Tenerife is filled with an endless amount of things to see - from Europe’s biggest…

Travel tips

5 places to spend your study abroad year

Studying abroad for a year after college or university is a great way of travelling, seeing the world and meeting…

Top spring locations 2014

As bright Spring blooms in the northern hemisphere and shiny autumn showcases in the south, it is a perfect time…

Log In or Create an account