Log In

Chad

  • 0
  • 1
  • 2
  • 3
  • 4
  • 5

Chad

Flag_of_Chad.svg
Pin it

Population: 10,329,208 (est.)

Lanugage(s): French, Arabic

Capital: N’Djamena

Interesting Facts:

  • The Central African CFA franc is the official currency of Chad.
  • Around 53% of Chadians are Muslim, 20% Roman Catholic, 14% Protestant, 10% animist and 3% atheist.
  • Chad is one of the poorest and most corrupt countries in the world; most inhabitants live in poverty as subsistence herders and farmers.
  • Since 2003, crude oil has become the country’s primary source of export earning.
  • The average Chadian woman gives birth to six children.
  • Chad gained its independence from France on August 11, 1960.
  • The Lake of Chad is one of the beautiful natural wonders of the world and the nation’s main tourist attraction.

Chad, officially the Republic of Chad, is a landlocked country in Central Africa. It is bordered by Libya to the north, Sudan to the east, the Central African Republic to the south, Cameroon and Nigeria to the southwest, and Niger to the west.

Chad is divided into multiple regions: a desert zone in the north, an arid Sahelian belt in the centre and a more fertile Sudanese savanna zone in the south. Lake Chad, after which the country is named, is the largest wetland in Chad and the second largest in Africa. Chad’s highest peak is the Emi Koussi in the Sahara, and N’Djamena, (formerly Fort-Lamy), the capital, is the largest city. Chad is home to over 200 different ethnic and linguistic groups. Arabic and French are the official languages. Islam and Christianity are the most widely practiced religions.

Beginning in the 7th millennium BC, human populations moved into the Chadian basin in great numbers. By the end of the 1st millennium BC, a series of states and empires rose and fell in Chad’s Sahelian strip, each focused on controlling the trans-Saharan trade routes that passed through the region. France conquered the territory by 1920 and incorporated it as part of French Equatorial Africa. In 1960, Chad obtained independence under the leadership of François Tombalbaye. Resentment towards his policies in the Muslim north culminated in the eruption of a long-lasting civil war in 1965. In 1979, the rebels conquered the capital and put an end to the south’s hegemony. However, the rebel commanders fought amongst themselves until Hissène Habré defeated his rivals. He was overthrown in 1990 by his general Idriss Déby. Since 2003, the Darfur crisis in Sudan has spilt over the border and destabilised the nation, with hundreds of thousands of Sudanese refugees living in and around camps in eastern Chad.

While many political parties are active, power lies firmly in the hands of President Déby and his political party, the Patriotic Salvation Movement. Chad remains plagued by political violence and recurrent attempted coups d’état (see Battle of N’Djamena (2006) and Battle of N’Djamena (2008)). Chad is one of the poorest and most corrupt countries in the world; most inhabitants live in poverty as subsistence herders and farmers. Since 2003, crude oil has become the country’s primary source of export earnings, superseding the traditional cotton industry. Chad is considered a failed state by the Fund for Peace.

News, tips, features, videos and facts on the world and travel. Need some travel help? Take a look around and if it's not there feel free to email or tweet us! @InformedXplorer

FEATURED

Photography

A trip through the Maasai Mara National Reserve

Male Lion I have been a big fan of wildlife photography for a long time. Photographer Martin Dunn does an amazing job capturing the animals in their natural setting, and offers some great tips if you're looking to do the same. With over 30 years of experience taking pictures of the…

0
Spain

Things to see in Costa Brava in 2014

Spain as a whole is a very popular destination for holiday goers. But as there are simply so many places to choose from, here's a suggestion: Costa Brava. It’s filled to the brim with beautiful scenic places, and it has its fair share of fantastically interesting attractions. Read below to…

1
Thailand

Thailand’s prostitute problem

Women hold up signs indicating their weight, age and any skills they have. Madams keep a watchful eye from the doorway of the club, while between ten and twenty young women, all identically dressed in tight tank-top, mini-skirt and high heels, chat by the side of the road, occasionally rising…

2
Palestine

Jerusalem through the eyes of a non-believer

Jerusalem is an amazing place. Upon entering the towering walls of the old city and stumbling upon arguably the most historic, culturally significant and important land on this earth - you are awe struck. This place shaped man/woman, no doubt. Photo by Benjamin Zand © Such incredible religious…

7

Features

A trip through the Maasai Mara National…

Male Lion I have been a big fan of wildlife photography for a long time. Photographer…

5 things no one tells you about…

1. YOU CAN BUY EVERYTHING OUT THERE - You see all that expensive equipment and gear…

One day in: Venice (INFOGRAPHIC)

Where to go if you have one day in Venice. See the best of the…

It's time to visit Palestine

So, I've just returned from a fascinating trip to Israel and Palestine - honestly one…

One day in: Ho Chi Minh City

Top class food to trendy nightclubs and beautiful scenery - Ho Chi Minh City has…

Exploring Tenerife's wild side

Tenerife is filled with an endless amount of things to see - from Europe’s biggest…

Travel tips

Gear and Globe Trotting: Safari Photography

Photographing wildlife has been the most challenging and heartbreaking exercise I’ve ever undertaken in all of my traveling. Truth be…

Top 5 Pet-Friendly Destinations in the US

BLOWING ROCK, NORTH CAROLINA Nestled in the Blue Ridge Mountains, Moses Cone Manor and Memorial Park is paradise for horse lovers.…

Log In or Create an account