Population: 1,032,532,974 (est.)(2nd)
List of Countries:
- Africa is the world’s second-largest and second-most-populous continent.
- Egypt is the most popular tourist destination in Africa, attracting around 10 million visitors per year.
- Africa is the home of the Human species, which developed there about 5 million years ago.
- The world’s largest desert, the Sahara, is located in Africa.
- There are over 1,500 different languages in Africa.
- The Nile is the longest river in the world, flowing through Uganda, Ethiopia, Sudan and Egypt.
- Nigeria is the most populated country in Africa with an estimated population of 125 – 145 million people.
Africa is the world’s second-largest and second-most-populous continent. At about 30.2 million km² (11.7 million sq mi) including adjacent islands, it covers six percent of the Earth’s total surface area and 20.4 percent of the total land area. With 1.0 billion people (as of 2009, see table), it accounts for about 15% of the world’s human population. The continent is surrounded by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, both the Suez Canal and the Red Sea along the Sinai Peninsula to the northeast, the Indian Ocean to the southeast, and the Atlantic Ocean to the west. The continent includes Madagascar and various archipelagoes. It has 54 fully recognized sovereign states (“countries”), 9 territories and three de facto states with limited recognition.
Africa, particularly central Eastern Africa, is widely accepted as the origin of humans and the Hominidae clade (great apes), as evidenced by the discovery of the earliest hominids and their ancestors, as well as later ones that have been dated to around seven million years ago – including Sahelanthropus tchadensis, Australopithecus africanus, A. afarensis, Homo erectus, H. habilis and H. ergaster – with the earliest Homo sapiens (modern human) found in Ethiopia being dated to circa 200,000 years ago. Africa straddles the equator and encompasses numerous climate areas; it is the only continent to stretch from the northern temperate to southern temperate zones. The African expected economic growth rate is at about 5.0% for 2010 and 5.5% in 2011.
List of Languages:
- Arabic in Algeria, Comoros, Chad, Djibouti, Egypt, Eritrea, Libya, Mauritania, Morocco, Somalia, Sudan, and Tunisia.
- Berber in Morocco and Algeria.
- Amharic in Ethiopia.
- Tigrinya in Eritrea.
- Somali in Somalia and Djibouti.
- Setswana in Botswana.
- Swahili in Tanzania, Kenya and Uganda.
- Comorian in the Comoros.
- Chichewa in Malawi and Zambia.
- English in Botswana, Cameroon, Eritrea, Gambia, Ghana, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia, Malawi, Namibia, Nigeria, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, South Africa, South Sudan, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe.
- French in Benin, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros, DR Congo, Djibouti, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Madagascar, Ivory Coast, Niger, Senegal, Mali, Rwanda, Guinea, Republic of the Congo, Seychelles, Togo.
- Kinyarwanda in Rwanda and it’s closely related to Kirundi in Burundi.
- Kirundi in Burundi
- Sango in the Central African Republic.
- Spanish in Equatorial Guinea.
- Swati in Swaziland and South Africa.
- Malagasy in Madagascar.
- Seychellois Creole in the Seychelles.
- Mauritian Creole in Mauritius.
- Shona, Sindebele in Zimbabwe
- Sesotho in Lesotho and South Africa.
- Afrikaans, Nrebele, Xhosa, Zulu, Sepedi, Sesotho, Tswana, Swati, Venda, and Tsonga in South Africa.